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Pasari disparute


Lista tuturor pasarilor disparute. Din 1500 au disparut aproape 200 de specii de pasari. In momentul de fata se cunosc aproximativ 10.000 de specii de pasari din care 1200 sunt pe cale de disparitie. In lista de mai jos sunt numele pasarilor in engleza (va fi tradus in limba romana dupa procesare), denumirea stiintifica, locul unde au vietuit si perioada cand au disparut.

Pasari nezburatoare


Elephant Bird, Aepyornis maximus and/or A. medius (Madagascar, 16th century?)
Upland Moa, Megalapteryx didinus (South Island, New Zealand, late 15th century?)
King Island Emu, Dromaius ater (King Island, Australia, 1822)
Kangaroo Island Emu, Dromaius baudinianus (Kangaroo Island, Australia, 1827)
West Coast Spotted Kiwi, Apteryx occidentalis (South Island, New Zealand, c. 1900)

Rate si lebede


Korean Crested Shelduck, Tadorna cristata (Northeast Asia, late 20th century?)
Réunion Shelduck, Alopochen kervazoi (Réunion, Mascarenes, c.1690s)
Mauritian Shelduck, Alopochen mauritianus (Mauritius, Mascarenes, c.1695)
Amsterdam Duck, Anas marecula (Amsterdam Island, South Indian Ocean, c.1800)
Saint Paul Island Duck, Anas sp. (Saint Paul Island, South Indian Ocean, c.1800)
Mauritian Duck, Anas theodori (Mauritius and Réunion, Mascarenes, late 1690s)
Mariana Mallard, Anas oustaleti (Marianas, West Pacific, 1981)
Finsch's Duck, Chenonetta finschi from New Zealand possibly survived to 1870
Pink-headed Duck, Rhodonessa caryophyllacea (East India, Bangladesh, North Myanmar, 1945?)
Réunion Pochard, Aythya cf. innotata (Réunion, Mascarenes, c.1690s)
Labrador Duck, Camptorhynchus labradorius (Northeast North America, c.1880)
Auckland Merganser, Mergus australis (Auckland Islands, Southwest Pacific, c.1902)

Prepelite si pasari similare


The Pile-builder Megapode, Megapodius molistructor may have survived on New Caledonia to the late 18th century
The Viti Levu Scrubfowl, Megapodius amissus of Viti Levu and possibly Kadavu, Fiji, may have survived to the early 19th or even the 20th
Raoul Island Scrubfowl, Megapodius sp. (Raoul, Kermadec Islands, 1876)
New Zealand Quail, Coturnix novaezelandiae (New Zealand, 1875)
Himalayan Quail, Ophrysia superciliosa (North India, late 19th century?)

Pescarusi si pasari similare


Javanese Lapwing, Vanellus macropterus (Java, Indonesia, mid-20th century)
Tahitian Sandpiper, Prosobonia leucoptera (Tahiti, Society Islands, 19th century)
White-winged Sandpiper, Prosobonia ellisi (Moorea, Society Islands, 19th century)
North Island Snipe, Coenocorypha barrierensis (North Island, New Zealand, 1870s)
South Island Snipe, Coenocorypha iredalei (South and Stewart Islands, New Zealand, 1964)
Eskimo Curlew, Numenius borealis (Northern North America, late 20th century?)
Slender-billed Curlew, Numenius tenuirostris (Western Siberia, early first decade of the 21st century?)
Great Auk, Pinguinus impennis (North Atlantic, early 1850s)
Canarian Oystercatcher, Haematopus meadewaldoi (Eastern Canary Islands, E Atlantic, c. 1940?)

Egrete


Antillean Cave-rail, Nesotrochis debooyi known by pre-Columbian bones from Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Stories of an easy to catch bird named carrao heard by Alexander Wetmore in 1912 on Puerto Rico
Hawkins' Rail, Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi (Chatham Islands, SW Pacific, 19th century)
Red Rail, Aphanapteryx bonasia (Mauritius, Mascarenes, c. 1700)
Rodrigues Rail, Aphanapteryx leguati (Rodrigues, Mascarenes, mid-18th century)
Bar-winged Rail, Nesoclopeus poecilopterus (Fiji, Polynesia, c. 1980)
New Caledonian Rail, Gallirallus lafresnayanus (New Caledonia, Melanesia, c. 1990?)
Wake Island Rail, Gallirallus wakensis (Wake Island, Micronesia, 1945)
Tahiti Rail, Gallirallus pacificus (Tahiti, Society Islands, late 18th– 19th century)
Dieffenbach's Rail, Gallirallus dieffenbachii (Chatham Islands, SW Pacific, mid-19th century)
Tongatapu Rail, Gallirallus hypoleucus (Tongatapu, Tonga, late 18th - 19th century)
Vava'u Rail, Gallirallus cf. vekamatolu (Vava'u, Tonga, early 19th century?)
The Norfolk Island Rail, Gallirallus sp. may be the bird shown on a bad watercolor illustration made around 1800.
Chatham Rail, Cabalus modestus (Chatham Islands, SW Pacific, c. 1900)
Réunion Rail or Dubois's Wood-rail, Dryolimnas augusti (Réunion, Mascarenes, late 17th century)
Ascension Crake, Mundia elpenor (Ascension, Island, Atlantic, late 17th century)– formerly Atlantisia
Saint Helena Crake, Porzana astrictocarpus (Saint Helena, Atlantic, early 16th century)
Laysan Rail, Porzana palmeri (Laysan Island, Hawaiian Islands, 1944)
Hawaiian Rail, Porzana sandwichensis (Big Island, Hawaiian Islands, c. 1890)
Kosrae Crake, Porzana monasa (Kosrae, Carolines, c. mid-late 19th century)
Miller's Rail, Porzana nigra (Tahiti, Society Islands, c. 1800)
Saint Helena Swamphen, Aphanocrex podarces (Saint Helena, Atlantic, 16th century)– formerly Atlantisia
Lord Howe Swamphen, Porphyrio albus (Lord Howe Island, SW Pacific, early 19th century)
Réunion Swamphen or Oiseau bleu, Porphyrio coerulescens (Réunion, Mascarenes, 18th century) Marquesas Swamphen, Porphyrio paepae (Hiva Oa and Tahuata, Marquesas) May have survived to c. 1900.
The North Island Takahe, Porphyrio mantelli known from subfossil bones found on North Island, New Zealand, may have survived to 1894 or later.
Samoan Wood Rail, Gallinula pacifica (Savai'i, Samoa, 1907?)
Makira Wood Rail, Gallinula silvestris (Makira, Solomon Islands, mid-20th century?)
Tristan Moorhen, Gallinula nesiotis (Tristan da Cunha, Atlantic, late 19th century)
Mascarene Coot, Fulica newtoni (Mauritius and Réunion, Mascarenes, c. 1700)
Fernando de Noronha Rail, Rallidae gen. et sp. indet. (Fernando de Noronha, W. Atlantic, 16th century?)
Tahitian "Goose", Rallidae gen. et sp. indet. (Tahiti, late 18th century?)

Corcodei


Colombian Grebe, Podiceps andinus (Bogotá area, Colombia, 1977)
Alaotra Grebe, Tachybaptus rufolavatus (Lake Alaotra, Madagascar, 1985)
Atitlán Grebe, Podilymbus gigas (Lake Atitlán, Guatemala, 1989)

Starci


Bermuda Night Heron, Nyctanassa carcinocatactes (Bermuda, West Atlantic, 17th century)
Réunion Night Heron, Nycticorax duboisi (Réunion, Mascarenes, late 17th century)
Mauritius Night Heron, Nycticorax mauritianus (Mauritius, Mascarenes, c. 1700)
Rodrigues Night Heron, Nycticorax megacephalus (Rodrigues, Mascarenes, mid-18th century)
Ascension Night Heron, Nycticorax olsoni (Ascension Island, Atlantic, late 16th century?)
New Zealand Little Bittern, Ixobrychus novaezelandiae (New Zealand, late 19th century)
Réunion Sacred Ibis, Threskiornis solitarius (Réunion, Mascarenes, early 18th century)

Cormorani


Spectacled Cormorant, Phalacrocorax perspicillatus (Komandorski Islands, North Pacific, c. 1850)

Petreli si albatrosi


Small Saint Helena Petrel, Bulweria bifax (Saint Helena, Atlantic, early 16th century)
Bermuda Shearwater, Puffinus parvus (Bermuda, West Atlantic, 16th century)
Large Saint Helena Petrel, Pseudobulweria rupinarum (Saint Helena, Atlantic, early 16th century)
Pterodroma cf. leucoptera (Mangareva, Gambier Islands, 20th century?)
Guadalupe Storm Petrel, Oceanodroma macrodacyla (Guadalupe, East Pacific, 1910s)

Pinguini


The Chatham Islands Penguin, Eudyptes sp. (Chatham Islands, SW Pacific), is only known from subfossil bones, but a bird kept captive at some time between 1867 and 1872 might refer to this taxon.

Porumbei si turturele


Saint Helena Dove, Dysmoropelia dekarchiskos, possibly survived into the Modern Era.
Passenger Pigeon, Ectopistes migratorius (Eastern North America, 1914)
Bonin Woodpigeon, Columba versicolor (Nakodo-jima and Chichi-jima, Ogasawara Islands, c. 1890)
Ryukyu Woodpigeon, Columba jouyi (Okinawa and Daito Islands, Northwest Pacific, late 1930s)
Réunion Pink Pigeon, Nesoenas duboisi (Réunion, Mascarenes, c. 1700)
Rodrigues Turtle-dove, Nesoenas rodericana (Rodrigues, Mascarenes, before 1690?)
Liverpool Pigeon, "Caloenas" maculata. Also known as the Spotted Green Pigeon, the only known specimen has been in Liverpool Museum since 1851
Sulu Bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba menagei (Tawitawi, Philippines, late 1990s?)
Norfolk Island Ground-dove, Gallicolumba norfolciensis (Norfolk Island, Southwest Pacific, c. 1800)
Tanna Ground-dove, Gallicolumba ferruginea (Tanna, Vanuatu, late 18th-19th century)
Thick-billed Ground-dove, Gallicolumba salamonis (Makira and Ramos, Solomon Islands, mid-20th century?)
Choiseul Crested Pigeon, Microgoura meeki (Choiseul, Solomon Islands, early 20th century)
Red-moustached Fruit-dove, Ptilinopus mercierii (Nuku Hiva and Hiva Oa, Marquesas, mid-20th century)
Negros Fruit-dove, Ptilinopus arcanus (Negros, Philippines, late 20th century?)
Mauritius Blue Pigeon, Alectroenas nitidissima (Mauritius, Mascarenes, c. 1830s)
Farquhar Blue Pigeon, Alectroenas sp. (Farquhar Group, Seychelles, 19th century)
Rodrigues Grey Pigeon, "Alectroenas" rodericana (Rodrigues, Mascarenes, mid-18th century)
Dodo, Raphus cucullatus (Mauritius, Mascarenes, late 17th century)
Rodrigues Solitaire, Pezophaps solitaria (Rodrigues, Mascarenes, c. 1730)

Papagali


New Caledonian Lorikeet, Charmosyna diadema (New Caledonia, Melanesia, mid-20th century?)
Norfolk Kaka, Nestor productus (Norfolk and Philip Islands, SW Pacific, 1851?)
Society Parakeet, Cyanoramphus ulietanus (Raiatea, Society Islands, late 18th century)
Black-fronted Parakeet, Cyanoramphus zealandicus (Tahiti, Society Islands, c. 1850)
Paradise Parrot, Psephotus pulcherrimus (Rockhampton area, Australia, late 1920s)
The Oceanic Eclectus Parrot, Eclectus infectus, known from subfossil bones found on Tonga, Vanuatu, and possibly Fiji, may have survived until the 18th century:
Seychelles Parakeet, Psittacula wardi (Seychelles, W Indian Ocean, 1883)
Newton's Parakeet, Psittacula exsul (Rodrigues, Mascarenes, c. 1875)
Thirioux's Grey Parrot, Psittacula bensoni (Mauritius, possible Réunion as Psittacula cf bensoni).
Mascarene Parrot, Mascarinus mascarinus (Réunion and possibly Mauritius, Mascarenes, 1834?)
Broad-billed Parrot, Lophopsittacus mauritianus (Mauritius, Mascarenes, 1680?)
Rodrigues Parrot, Necropsittacus rodericanus (Rodrigues, Mascarenes, late 18th century)
Glaucous Macaw, Anodorhynchus glaucus (N Argentina, early 20th century)
Cuban Red Macaw, Ara tricolor (Cuba, West Indies, late 19th century)
Carolina Parakeet, Conuropsis carolinensis (SE North America, c. 1930?)
Guadeloupe Parakeet, Aratinga labati (Guadeloupe, West Indies, late 18th century)
Martinique Amazon, Amazona martinica (Martinique, West Indies, mid-18th century)
Guadeloupe Amazon, Amazona violacea (Guadeloupe, West Indies, mid-18th century)

Cuci


Delalande's Coua, Coua delalandei (Madagascar, late 19th century?)
Saint Helena Cuckoo, Nannococcyx psix (Saint Helena, Atlantic, 18th century)

Pasari de prada


Guadalupe Caracara, Polyborus lutosus (Guadelupe, E Pacific, 1900 or 1903)
Réunion Kestrel, Falco duboisi (Réunion, Mascarenes, c. 1700)

Bufnite


Réunion Owl, Mascarenotus grucheti (Réunion, Mascarenes, late 17th century?)
Mauritius Owl, Mascarenotus sauzieri (Mauritius, Mascarenes, c. 1850)
Rodrigues Owl, Mascarenotus murivorus (Rodrigues, Mascarenes, mid-18th century)
New Caledonian Boobook, Ninox cf. novaeseelandiae (New Caledonia, Melanesia)
Laughing Owl, Sceloglaux albifacies (New Zealand, 1914?)
New Caledonian Boobook, Ninox cf. novaeseelandiae (New Caledonia, Melanesia)
The Puerto Rican Barn Owl, Tyto cavatica, known from prehistoric remains found in caves of Puerto Rico, West Indies, may still have existed in 1912
The Bahaman Barn Owl, Tyto pollens, known from prehistoric remains found on Andros (Bahamas), may have survived to the 16th century
Siau Scops Owl Otus siaoensis (20th century?)

Caprimulgi


Jamaican Poorwill, Siphonorhis americana (Jamaica, West Indies, late 19th century?)
Cuban Pauraque, Siphonorhis daiquiri (Cuba, West Indies, prehistoric?)

Pasarea colibri


Coppery Thorntail, Discosura letitiae (Bolivia?)
Brace's Emerald, Chlorostilbon bracei (New Providence, Bahamas, late 19th century)
Gould's Emerald, Chlorostilbon elegans (Jamaica or northern Bahamas, West Indies, late 19th century)
Bogota Sunangel, Heliangelus zusii (Colombia?)
Turquoise-throated Puffleg, Eriocnemis godini (Ecuador, 20th century?)

Pescarusi


Giant Hoopoe, Upupa antaois (Saint Helena, Atlantic, early 16th century)

Ciocanitori


Imperial Woodpecker, Campephilus imperialis (Mexico, late 20th century)
The Ivory-billed Woodpecker (Campephilus principalis principalis) is most likely extinct, but there is uncertainty on whether it was or was not rediscovered in the White River National Wildlife Refuge of Arkansas in 2004,

Pitulici


Stephens Island Wren, Xenicus lyalli (New Zealand, 1895?)
Bush Wren, Xenicus longipes (New Zealand, 1972)

Alte pasari


Chatham Island Bellbird, Anthornis melanocephala (Chatham Islands, Southwest Pacific, c. 1910)
Lord Howe Gerygone, Gerygone insularis (Lord Howe Island, Southwest Pacific, c. 1930)
Mangarevan Whistler, ?Pachycephala gambierana (Mangareva, Gambier Islands, late 19th century?)
Short-toed Nuthatch Vanga, Hypositta perdita (Madagascar, mid-20th century?)
North Island Piopio, Turnagra tanagra (North Island, New Zealand, c. 1970?)
South Island Piopio, Turnagra capensis (South Island, New Zealand, 1960s?)
Huia, Heteralocha acutirostris (North Island, New Zealand, early 20th century)
Moorea Reed-warbler, Acrocephalus longirostris (Moorea, Society Islands, 1980s?)
Rueck's Blue Flycatcher, Cyornis ruckii (Malaysia or Indochina, 20th century?)
Chatham Islands Fernbird, Bowdleria rufescens (Chatham Islands, New Zealand, c. 1900)
Tana River Cisticola, Cisticola restrictus (Kenya, 1970s?)
Lord Howe White-eye, Zosterops strenuus (Lord Howe Island, Southwest Pacific, c. 1918)
White-chested White-eye, Zosterops albogularis (Norfolk Island, between 2006 and 2010)
Black-browed Babbler, Malacocincla perspicillata (Borneo?, Indonesia, 20th century?)
Rodrigues Bulbul, ?Hypsipetes sp. (Rodrigues, Mascarenes, 17th century?)
Aldabra Brush-warbler, Nesillas aldabrana (Aldabra, Indian Ocean, c. 1984)
Rodrigues "Babbler" (Rodrigues, Mascarenes, 17th century?)

Ciocarlii si cotofane


Maupiti Monarch, Pomarea pomarea (Maupiti, Society Islands, mid-19th century)
Eiao Monarch, Pomarea fluxa (Eiao, Marquesas, late 1970s)
Nuku Hiva Monarch, Pomarea nukuhivae (Nuku Hiva, Marquesas, mid-late 20th century)
Ua Pou Monarch, Pomarea mira (Ua Pou, Marquesas, c. 1986)
Guam Flycatcher, Myiagra freycineti (Guam, Marianas, 1983)

Randunici


White-eyed River Martin, Pseudochelidon sirintarae (Thailand, late 1980s?)
Red Sea Swallow, Petrochelidon perdita (Red Sea area, late 20th century?)

Grauri


Kosrae Island Starling, Aplonis corvina (Kosrae, Carolines, mid-19th century)
Mysterious Starling, Aplonis mavornata (Mauke, Cook Islands, mid-19th century)
Tasman Starling, Aplonis fusca (Norfolk Island and Lord Howe Island, Southwest Pacific, c. 1923)
Pohnpei Starling, Aplonis pelzelni (Pohnpei, Micronesia, c. 2000)
Bay Starling, Aplonis? ulietensis (Raiatea, Society Islands, between 1774 and 1850)
Bourbon Crested Starling, Fregilupus varius (Réunion, Mascarenes, 1850s)
Rodrigues Starling, Necropsar rodericanus (Rodrigues, Mascarenes, mid-18th century?)

va urma ..